In-depth analysis of the pathology found:
There flea allergy dermatitis (FAD) in cats it is an allergic and itchy disease very common in Italy, due to the hot-humid climate, which can cause intense itching, scratching lesions, hair loss, wet sores with severe skin lesions. Often this pathology also manifests itself in the autumn and winter months, due to the intensification of the spread of fleas and the continuation of its life cycle in the home environment. The cause of flea allergy dermatitis is an altered allergic response of the animal’s immune system to certain components of the flea’s saliva that it releases during the bite. Clinical signs that are usually sudden occur mostly in animals with “few fleas”. In fact, it seems that animals that are very infested and used to living with fleas can develop a sort of “resistance” to the bite.
The most common clinical sign is represented by severe itching especially in the lumbar region, at the root of the tail, on the abdomen and on the inner face of the thighs. Due to the intense licking and scratching due to itching, the skin of these areas is strongly inflamed. Secondly, secondary bacterial infections can then develop with pus, scabs and alopecia.
The diagnosis is mainly based on the clinical picture even if it is not always possible to find fleas. It is easier to find flea droppings which appear as small black dots.
Let’s read Dr. Calabria’s report on this clinical case:
Mila is a European cat who goes on a commercial diet and lives with other cats. She was brought in for a visit on February 16 due to three localized licking lesions on the flat left thigh, shoulder and elbow. The owner initially indicated the use of sanitizing wipes as the cause; such wipes had been used for the first time but do not rub all over the body. Parasitic prophylaxis is not respected.
After EOG was normal, I performed a Trichogram which was negative and the Scotch test which was positive for the stools fleas.
On the basis of the dermatological examination I issued a diagnosis of DAP and I proceeded to therapy with Aloeplus Dermo Spray and Oral Paste.
After 5 days, a follow-up visit was carried out which revealed that the lesions of the flat thighs were no longer erythematous but only alopecic.
On March 31, following the last visit, the cat was declared clinically cured; generalized itching was controlled, whereby the flat thigh skin, shoulder and elbow were intact and the cloak thickened.