In-depth analysis of the pathology found:
There Mycosis cutaneous is a disease caused by dermatophytes, which are microscopic filamentous fungi that feed on the keratin present in the hair and on the skin surface. This disease most often affects young and / or debilitated individuals. It usually manifests itself with typical rounded alopecic lesions, that is of the areas of the hairless coat, of circular shape, where the skin appears covered by more or less abundant dandruff. At the edge of these lesions the hair appears broken and comes off with considerable ease. Itching, normally absent, is one of the characteristics that allows you to differentiate this disease from other skin lesions.
Cutaneous mycosis can manifest itself in various parts of the cat’s coat. It is often found on the outer surface of the auricles. This infection is easily “transportable” by the cat to other areas of its coat, so it happens that, in the case of fungal lesions on the auricle, there are simultaneously others inside the front legs or on the extremities of the hind ones . This step takes place on the occasion of the daily “cleaning” rituals that the cat usually does on itself.
The alarmism that revolves around cutaneous mycosis arises from the fact that mycosis can be transmitted from cats to humans. This also happens when the cat, at times, can be a healthy carrier of cutaneous mycosis and, while not showing clinical symptoms, it can infect people and other animals with which it lives. When in doubt of being infected, it is important to consult, in addition to the trusted veterinarian, also the dermatologist, who will prescribe the most suitable treatments.
Let’s read Dr. Calabria’s report on this clinical case:
Ivana was brought for a visit on February 17 due to a rounded and alopecic lesion with margins erythematosis-crustosis at the base of the neck, present for a week. The owner complains of little itching.
Parasitic prophylaxis is respected, and the cat follows a commercial diet. Since EOG is normal,
I performed a negative Scotch test; the Tricogram, on the other hand, is positive, as it highlights the presence of infected hairs in which the cortex from the medulla cannot be distinguished (stem-hair region) because invaded by small transparent and rounded structures (arthroconids) and arranged in chains.
Based on the visit dermatologist I issued a diagnosis of Mycosis and put in place therapy with Aloeplus oral paste and Dermo spray.
After 4 days the peripheral border is already less crusty and a large part of the erythematous region is disappeared.
On 1 March the lesion is much smaller, in the center of the lesion there are few erythematous foci, erythema and scabs on the edge have disappeared and the regrowth of the mantle is already noted.
After 40 days the lesion no longer has crusts, only flaky scales are visible on the skin at the base of the hair, the coat is strongly regrowing.
After 44 days, the lesion is completely healed and there is no change in the skin it is lined with growing mantle.